pdbedit [-l] [-v] [-w] [-u username] [-f fullname] [-h homedir] [-d drive] [-s script] [-p profile] [-a] [-m] [-x] [-i passdb-backend] [-e passdb-backend] [-D debuglevel]
This tool is part of the Samba suite.
The pdbedit program is used to manage the users accounts stored in the sam database and can be run only by root.
The pdbedit tool use the passdb modular interface and is independent from the kind of users database used (currently there are smbpasswd, ldap, nis+ and tdb based and more can be addedd without changing the tool).
There are five main ways to use pdbedit: adding a user account, removing a user account, modifing a user account, listing user accounts, importing users accounts.
This option list all the user accounts present in the users database. This option prints a list of user/uid pairs separated by the ':' character.
Example: pdbedit -l
sorce:500:Simo Sorce samba:45:Test User
This option sets the verbose listing format. It will make pdbedit list the users in the database printing out the account fields in a descriptive format.
Example: pdbedit -l -v
--------------- username: sorce user ID/Group: 500/500 user RID/GRID: 2000/2001 Full Name: Simo Sorce Home Directory: \\BERSERKER\sorce HomeDir Drive: H: Logon Script: \\BERSERKER\netlogon\sorce.bat Profile Path: \\BERSERKER\profile --------------- username: samba user ID/Group: 45/45 user RID/GRID: 1090/1091 Full Name: Test User Home Directory: \\BERSERKER\samba HomeDir Drive: Logon Script: Profile Path: \\BERSERKER\profile
This option sets the "smbpasswd" listing format. It will make pdbedit list the users in the database printing out the account fields in a format compatible with the smbpasswd file format. (see the smbpasswd(5) for details)
Example: pdbedit -l -w
sorce:500:508818B733CE64BEAAD3B435B51404EE:D2A2418EFC466A8A0F6B1DBB5C3DB80C:[UX ]:LCT-00000000: samba:45:0F2B255F7B67A7A9AAD3B435B51404EE:BC281CE3F53B6A5146629CD4751D3490:[UX ]:LCT-3BFA1E8D:
This option specifies that the username to be used for the operation requested (listing, adding, removing) It is required in add, remove and modify operations and optional in list operations.
This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the user's full name.
Example: -f "Simo Sorce"
This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the user's home directory network path.
Example: -h "\\\\BERSERKER\\sorce"
This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the windows drive letter to be used to map the home directory.
Example: -d "H:"
This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the user's logon script path.
Example: -s "\\\\BERSERKER\\netlogon\\sorce.bat"
This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the user's profile directory.
Example: -p "\\\\BERSERKER\\netlogon"
This option is used to add a user into the database. This command need the user name be specified with the -u switch. When adding a new user pdbedit will also ask for the password to be used
Example: pdbedit -a -u sorce
new password: retype new password
This option may only be used in conjunction with the -a option. It will make pdbedit to add a machine trust account instead of a user account (-u username will provide the machine name).
Example: pdbedit -a -m -u w2k-wks
This option causes pdbedit to delete an account from the database. It need the username be specified with the -u switch.
Example: pdbedit -x -u bob
Use a different passdb backend to retrieve users than the one specified in smb.conf.
This option will ease migration from one passdb backend to another.
Example: pdbedit -i smbpasswd:/etc/smbpasswd.old -e tdbsam:/etc/samba/passwd.tdb
Export all currently available users to the specified password database backend.
This option will ease migration from one passdb backend to another and will ease backupping
Example: pdbedit -e smbpasswd:/root/samba-users.backup
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter