smbsh -- Allows access to Windows NT filesystem
using UNIX commands
smbsh [-W workgroup] [-U username] [-P prefix] [-R <name resolve order>] [-d <debug level>] [-l logfile] [-L libdir]
This tool is part of the Samba suite.
smbsh allows you to access an NT filesystem
using UNIX commands such as ls, egrep, and rcp. You must use a
shell that is dynamically linked in order for smbsh
to work correctly.
- -W WORKGROUP
Override the default workgroup specified in the
workgroup parameter of the smb.conf file
for this session. This may be needed to connect to some
- -U username[%pass]
Sets the SMB username or username and password.
If this option is not specified, the user will be prompted for
both the username and the password. If %pass is not specified,
the user will be prompted for the password.
- -P prefix
This option allows
the user to set the directory prefix for SMB access. The
default value if this option is not specified is
- -R <name resolve order>
This option is used to determine what naming
services and in what order to resolve
host names to IP addresses. The option takes a space-separated
string of different name resolution options.
The options are :"lmhosts", "host", "wins" and "bcast".
They cause names to be resolved as follows :
Lookup an IP address in the Samba lmhosts file. If the
line in lmhosts has no name type attached to the
(see the lmhosts(5)
for details) then any name type matches for lookup.
Do a standard host name to IP address resolution, using
the system /etc/hosts, NIS, or DNS
lookups. This method of name resolution is operating
system dependent, for instance on IRIX or Solaris this
may be controlled by the /etc/nsswitch.conf
file). Note that this method is only used
if the NetBIOS name type being queried is the 0x20
(server) name type, otherwise it is ignored.
Query a name with the IP address listed in the
wins server parameter. If no
WINS server has been specified this method will be
Do a broadcast on each of the known local interfaces
listed in the interfaces
parameter. This is the least reliable of the name
resolution methods as it depends on the target host
being on a locally connected subnet.
If this parameter is not set then the name resolve order
defined in the smb.conf file parameter
(name resolve order) will be used.
The default order is lmhosts, host, wins, bcast. Without
this parameter or any entry in the name resolve order
parameter of the smb.conf
file, the name resolution methods will be attempted in this
- -d <debug level>
debug level is an integer from 0 to 10.
The default value if this parameter is not specified
The higher this value, the more detail will be logged
about the activities of nmblookup. At level
0, only critical errors and serious warnings will be logged.
- -l logfilename
If specified causes all debug messages to be
written to the file specified by logfilename
. If not specified then all messages will be
- -L libdir
This parameter specifies the location of the
shared libraries used by smbsh. The default
value is specified at compile time.
To use the smbsh command, execute smbsh from the prompt and enter the username and password
that authenticates you to the machine running the Windows NT
Any dynamically linked command you execute from
this shell will access the /smb directory
using the smb protocol. For example, the command ls /smb
will show a list of workgroups. The command
ls /smb/MYGROUP will show all the machines in
the workgroup MYGROUP. The command
ls /smb/MYGROUP/<machine-name> will show the share
names for that machine. You could then, for example, use the cd command to change directories, vi to
edit files, and rcp to copy files.
This man page is correct for version 2.2 of
the Samba suite.
smbsh works by intercepting the standard
libc calls with the dynamically loaded versions in smbwrapper.o. Not all calls have been "wrapped", so
some programs may not function correctly under smbsh
Programs which are not dynamically linked cannot make
use of smbsh's functionality. Most versions
of UNIX have a file command that will
describe how a program was linked.
The original Samba software and related utilities
were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed
by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar
to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer.
The man page sources were converted to YODL format (another
excellent piece of Open Source software, available at
ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and updated for the Samba 2.0
release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to DocBook for
Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter